These 4 reasons can affect your fertility at an early age, know what are these factors

Factors that affect Fertility

Factors that affect Fertility: Today’s young men and women have become so aspirational about their careers that they even make the decision of getting married late. But, most people are also unaware of the fact that their biological clock does not wait for anyone. Marrying late and then family planning after the age of 30-35, many times give rise to many problems during pregnancy. In such a situation, it is also important to know the right age of fertility, the problems related to it.

Dr. Reena Gupta, Fertility Consultant, Nova Southend Fertility & IVF (New Delhi) says that according to the 2016 New Census Report of India, the fertility rate of women has decreased by 21% in the last decade, which is worrying. If we compare the urban and rural areas, then the fertility rate in rural areas is high i.e. 82%, while in the urban population it is very low i.e. 60%. It has also been observed that the causes of infertility are different in women living in urban and rural areas. Infertility problems in rural women are due to various infections affecting their reproductive system, while in urban women it is due to the hectic lifestyle and late marriage.

Dr. Reena Gupta Earlier, the International Institute of Population Sciences had revealed that 15-20 million Indians have been affected by infertility in the last two years. Recent research shows that almost 40% of men over the age of 31 in India suffer from infertility, which indicates that the cases of male infertility in the country are increasing at an alarming rate. A sedentary lifestyle, unhealthy eating habits, electromagnetic radiation, and polluted environment are mainly responsible for this rate of increased infertility in the last few years. If you are trying to conceive or want to do so in the future, it is important to know the possible risk factors first. Along with making some lifestyle changes such as eating a healthy diet, being physically active, maintaining a healthy weight

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Factors affecting fertility


Age plays a major role in terms of fertility. Both men and women are most fertile after the age of 20. After the age of 35, women’s fertility declines rapidly. As men age, the chances of conception and a healthy child are less. From the age of 40, the level of testosterone in men starts decreasing.


Being overweight or underweight can also cause problems in conceiving. Losing weight can cause hormonal imbalances, which is a known cause of infertility in both men and women.

Smoking and alcohol

Smoking causes infertility in both men and women. It has also been proved in studies that women who smoke regularly, take longer to conceive. Smoking can affect the quality of eggs. The chances of miscarriage increase. There can be many other problems during pregnancy. Smoking can reduce sperm count and motility in men as well as damage the structure. Men who drink too much alcohol can have erectile dysfunction along with affecting the quality of sperm.


Stress can lead to heart disease, asthma, obesity, and depression. It can also cause difficulty in conception, as well as reduce the number and quality of sperm, which means that the male’s fertility is impaired. Persistent stress can affect ovulation in some women. This is because stress can affect the functioning of the hypothalamus, which is the center of the brain. It controls some of the hormones that prompt the ovaries to release an egg every month.

Note: This article is taken from the hindinews18 and it is translated in English as it is.

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